Men Doing 16 Hours Of Housework
doing 33 percent more housework today than they did in 1965, a University
of Michigan survey showed.
The study by
U-M's Institute for Social Research found American men performing 16 hours
of housework a week, compared with 12 hours in 1965.
analyzed data from time diaries and questionnaires asking men and women
to recall how much time they spend on housework in an average week. Housework
included cooking, cleaning and doing other work around the house.
Women are still
doing much more housework than men, about 27 hours a week.
Americans are working more hours than ever, the time diary data indicate
total work hours decreased substantially from 1965 to 1985 for both men
and women. From 1989 to 1999, the questionnaire recall data indicate paid
work in the labor market increased by 10 percent for men and 17 percent
for women, reflecting the decade's strong job market and the increasing
labor market participation of women.
part of a study on time-use trends in the United States and other industrialized
countries, found the number of hours men reported doing housework rose
steadily between 1965 and 1985 but stalled in the 1990s, likely due to
a strong labor market. The number of hours women performed housework during
the decade fell as well.
some reason to believe these low levels of housework will persist even
in today's weaker job market, since our research shows that most people
rate routine housework as the least enjoyable use of their time," ISR researcher
Frank Stafford said.
Men seem to
work more hours overall -- market labor plus housework -- than women in
countries with high levels of income, the study found, while women work
longer hours elsewhere.
put in 24 hours a week on chores, more than men in other countries, while
Japanese men do the least housework, about four hours a week. Hungarian
women do the most housework while Russian women do the least.
comparisons of the gender gap in housework hours indicate that Americans
are less gender egalitarian than the Swedes but more egalitarian than the
Japanese," ISR researcher and sociologist Hiromi Ono said.
is greatest in Japan, Sweden and the United States and lowest in Hungary,
for both men and women, with television viewing substantially higher in
Japan than elsewhere, especially among women.
The study is
funded by the National Science Foundation and the United States-Japan Foundation.
have been collecting data since 1965 in Japan, Russia, Sweden, Canada,
Finland and Hungary.
Copyright 2002 by United
All rights reserved.